ISSUE #566

566 - Maximizing Weed Control Sidedressing Nitrogen

"It's imperative every possible effort be made to achieve total weed control in all crops in sugarbeet rotations…"

4-20-12

The presence of resistant weeds in the American Crystal Sugar Company growing area makes it absolutely necessary to achieve complete weed control in 2012 and beyond. No weeds can be allowed to go to seed in any Roundup Ready® crop in the rotation. Weeds of greatest immediate concern are Waterhemp, Common and Giant Ragweed, and Kochia. If resistant Kochia, which has been documented in Central ND, spreads eastward into the RRV, weed control costs in sugarbeet will rise dramatically. It's imperative every possible effort be made to achieve total weed control in all crops in sugarbeet rotations to preserve glyphosate technology for your weed control program in beets

Strategies to Maintain the Effectiveness of Roundup Ready Sugarbeets:

  • Fear the impact of glyphosate resistant weeds
  • Eliminate weed seed production
  • Be proactive to slow or stop resistant weed development
  • Rotate crops and herbicide modes of action
  • Eliminate weed seed production in rotational crops - it's easier in corn, soybean and wheat
  • Diversify control strategies at all times, chemical, mechanical, labor
  • React quickly to changing weed populations
  • Be diligent in scouting for escapes
  • Leave a legacy of successful weed control for future generations

Maximize Glyphosate Activity

  • Begin when beets and weeds are in the cotyledon stage
  • Use maximum allowable rates
  • Best control is from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.
  • Add 8.5 to 17 lbs. of AMS per 100 gallons of spray solution
  • Control is often better with lower volumes, about 10 gpa
  • Rain within 6 hours may reduce weed control
  • Avoid spraying with dust on plants
  • Avoid spraying with dew on plants
  • Cool weather slows activity and time needed for control
  • Frost before application will reduce control
  • Drought slows weed growth, reduces activity
  • Air temperature over 85°F during application can reduce weed control
  • Don't spray after sunset-weed control can be reduced

Tank Mixes With Glyphosate Critical to Success

  • For resistant Common Ragweed use 3-4 oz. of Stinger in each application.
  • Use Betamix and 4 oz. of Nortron when resistant Waterhemp is present
  • Use split applications of Outlook or Dual in early layby applications for season long resistant weed control
  • Start layby applications at the 2-4 leaf stage

BE RIGHT!
RIGHT RATE - RIGHT TIMING - RIGHT TANK MIX

Sidedressing Nitrogen

Yield and quality of your sugarbeet crop can be maximized or decreased depending on sidedressing timing and rate of nitrogen applied. Sidedressing too early without an accurate soil test could result in too little or too much applied nitrogen. Dr. Larry Smith, UM NWROC at Crookston conducted an excellent sidedressing study in 2011. Objectives were too evaluate rate and timing of nitrogen applications, Table 1.

Table 1: Yield and Sucrose Effects with 140 lb. N per Acre Applied at Different Times

Applied Nitrogen 
ResidualPost NTotal NetGross
+Fall N(lb./A)Residual+RSARSTYieldSucroseReturns**
(lb./A)T1 T2Applied(lb./A)(lb./T)(T/A)(%)($/A)
140 - - 140 10172 344 29.6 17.25 1832
110 30 - 140 10099 342 29.6 17.10 1807
80 60 - 140 10459 344 30.4 17.21 1884
110 - 30 140 9305 335 27.8 16.74 1636
80 - 60 140 9137 335 27.3 16.78 1604

T1 = 6-8 leaf stage 
T2 = at canopy closure

Conclusions:

  • Soil test just ahead of application
  • Apply no later than 6-8 leaf stage
  • Placement below soil surface for best results

566

Purdue Extension Service

Four Common Ragweed plants/30 ft. of row can reduce yield by up to 10% in soybeans.

FACT Sheet Available

More than 50 glyphosate formulations are available. Be sure the right rate and adjuvants are used. Ag staff have a fact sheet with all this product information described in detail.