ISSUE #395

395 - Stand Establishment and Management

“Foundation for Success.”

2-27-01

Successful stand establishment is one of six agronomy Gold Standard initiatives the agriculture department focuses on at American Crsystal. If the growing season is to be successful shareholders must get the crop off to a great start in the spring. A challenge presented in the last Ag Notes was to achieve a harvest population of about 160 beets/100’ of row to increase profitability for shareholders with low stands. University of Minnesota research in 2000 clearly shows the benefit of achieving a harvest population of 160 beets/100’ of row, table 1.

Key Results From This Research Indicate: 

  • Tons/acre did not increase as plant population increased.
  • Recoverable sugar per ton and per acre increased at a 160 beet stand count.
  • Gross revenue per acre and per ton was maximized at 160 beets/100’ of row.
  • Sucrose %, recoverable sugar, revenue per acre and per ton decreased at 200 beets/100’ of row because high plant populations make effective beet defoliation more difficult.
  • Thinning populations greater than 175 beets/100’ of row should be considered.

Table 1. Main effects of population * (Averaged over N level and variety) NWROC, U of MN, 2000

PopulationYield (T/A)Sucrose (%)LTM (%)Net Sucrose (%)Recoverable SucroseGross Return
(lb/A)(lb/T)($/T)($/A)
28,500 (120) 21.8 17.16 1.31 15.85 6919 317.0 29.22 637
38,000 21.8 17.56 1.28 16.28 7114 325.6 30.96 675
47,500 (200) 21.8 17.44 1.35 16.10 7019 321.9 30.21 659
LSD05 -- 0.28 0.04 0.30 -- 5.98    

*Courtesy of Dr. Larry Smith

Many changes have probably contributed to reduced replanting in recent years. These include better seed, good seedbed preparation, better planters, improved planter maintenance, and grower participation in planter test stand clinics.

Successful Sugarbeet Stand Establishment Depends On:

  • Use of well processed high quality seed
  • Planter evaluation at a test stand clinic
  • Matching seed spacing to plant population goals
  • Careful seedbed preparation for ideal seed to soil contact in moisture

What can be accomplished At the Planter Test Stand Clinics?

  • Check effect of speed on your planter
  • Find defective planter parts
  • Evaluate vacuum effects on seed plantability
  • Compare coated seed, pellets and Prohance
  • Match planter plates to seed sizes.
  • Visit with and learn from planter experts, seedsmen, agriculturists and fellow growers.

2001 NDSU Planter Test Stand Schedule

DateLocation 1Location 2
Feb 26 Mahnomen - Implement (1)  
27 Mahnomen - Implement Kennedy - Urbanek Implement (2)
28   Kennedy - Urbanek Implement
Mar 1 Moorhead - Betaseed Res. Farm (1) St. Thomas - M&M Farms (1)
2 Moorhead - Betaseed Res. Farm St. Thomas - M&M Farms
6 Casselton - RDO Equipment (1)  
7 Casselton - RDO Equipment Hallock - Western Implement (2)
8 Glyndon - Hilleshog Res. Farm (1) Hallock - Western Implement
9 Glyndon - Hilleshog Res. Farm  
12 Hawley - Clay Becker Imp (2)  
13 Hawley - Clay Becker Implement  
14 INTERNATIONAL SUGARBEET INSTITUTE
15 INTERNATIONAL SUGARBEET INSTITUTE
19 Grand Forks - G.F. Equipment (2) Wahpeton/Breck - MinnDak (3)
20 Grand Forks - G.F. Equipment Wahpeton/Breck - MinnDak
21 Grand Forks - G.F. Equipment Wahpeton/Breck - MinnDak
22 Grand Forks - G.F. Equipment Kindred - RDO Equipment (2)
23 Ada - Konkin Implement (2) Kindred - RDO Equipment
26 Ada - Konkin Implement Warren - Evergreen Implement (2)
27 Hillsboro -Oppegard Equip (2) Warren - Evergreen Implement
28 Hillsboro -Oppegard Equipment Minto - Kilichowski Farm Shop (1)
29 Moorhead - Crystal Seed Plant (2) Minto - Kilichowski Farm Shop
30 Moorhead - Crystal Seed Plant  
Apr 2   Cavalier - Cavalier (1pm start) (2)
3 Renville SMSBC (3) Cavalier - Cavalier Implement
4 Renville SMSBC Cavalier - Cavalier Implement
5 Renville SMSBC Cavalier - Cavalier Implement
6 Renville SMSBC  
9 Fisher - Steve Williams Farm (2)  
10 Fisher - Steve Williams Farm Shop  
11 Fisher - Steve Williams Farm Shop